How to start trading stocks: A beginner's guide

How to start trading stocks: A beginner's guide

06 February 2024 | By INDIE

The journey of stock trading can be both thrilling and daunting for a new investor. The stock market holds the promise of significant returns, but understanding the fundamentals and technicalities of stock trading is key to navigating this financial landscape successfully. Laying a strong foundation can help provide you with the desired result as a beginner. Hence, it’s essential to explore the basics of stock market trading to kickstart your stock investment journey.

Understanding the basics of stock trading

Before you step into stock trading practices, it's essential to grasp the fundamentals of how to invest in the stock market and related aspects. Stocks represent ownership in a company and trading them involves buying and selling these ownership shares. The stock market serves as a platform where investors come together to trade these shares.

Start by familiarising yourself with key terms such as "demat account" and "stockbroker". To begin your stock market investment, you first need to have a demat account that holds your shares in an electronic or dematerialised form. A stockbroker is an entity that provides you the platform to invest in equities, debts, and other assets available in the market.

The stock market consists of primary market and secondary markets. A new company issues its stocks to the public directly in the primary market, and it includes transactions between the issuer and the buyer. On the other hand, stocks already issued in the primary market are bought and sold in the secondary market. It includes stockbrokers and exchanges as intermediaries.

Process of stock trading for beginners

1. Educate yourself: The first step in stock market trading is to learn about the share market basics. Numerous online resources, courses, and books are available to help you grasp the essentials. Learn stock market trends, terminology, and strategies used by successful investors.

2. Set financial goals: Clearly define your financial objectives. Are you looking for short-term gains, long-term investments, or a mix of both? Knowing your goals will influence your trading approach.

3. Choose the right brokerage platform: Opt for a reputable brokerage platform that aligns with your trading goals. Ensure it offers a user-friendly interface, educational resources, and reasonable fees. IndusInd Bank’s INDIE offers the best stock broking platform in partnership with Paytm Money by making stock trading simple and transparent with zero account opening charges. You can invest in IPOs, ETFs, and trade in F&Os in real time. Additionally, you also get to optimise your strategies with advanced charting and drawing tools and analyse real-time market data.  

4. Create a trading plan: Develop a comprehensive trading plan that includes your risk tolerance, investment goals, and strategies. Having a plan will keep you focused and disciplined in the dynamic stock market environment.

5. Start small: Before risking a large amount of your hard-earned money, consider investing small chunks of money. This trading approach allows you to practice without financial consequences and hone your skills to gain confidence.

6. Stay informed: Regularly update yourself on market news, company reports, and economic indicators. Staying informed will empower you to make well-informed decisions in the fast-paced world of stock trading.

7. Diversify your portfolio: Avoid putting all your eggs in one basket. Diversifying your investments across different sectors reduces risk and enhances the potential for returns.

8. Monitor and adjust: Continuously evaluate your portfolio's performance. If needed, adjust your trading plan based on market conditions and your evolving financial goals.

Things to consider before you begin stock trading

1. Risk tolerance: Assess your risk tolerance before diving into the stock market. Understanding how much risk you can handle will guide your investment decisions.

2. Financial stability: Ensure you have a stable financial foundation before venturing into stock market investment. Having an emergency fund and manageable debt will provide a safety net during market fluctuations.

3. Patience is key: Stock trading requires patience. Don't be swayed by short-term market fluctuations. Stick to your plan and allow your investments to grow over time.


The stock trading journey as a beginner may seem challenging, but with knowledge and a strategic approach, you can navigate the market successfully. Learning how to invest in stocks is a continuous process. Stay disciplined, stay informed, and watch your investments flourish over time. The world of stock trading is awaiting you – take the plunge and download the INDIE app today to begin your investment journey.

Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is generic and for informational purposes only. It is not a substitute for specific advice in your circumstances. Hence, you are advised to consult your financial advisor before making any financial decision. IndusInd Bank Limited (IBL) does not influence the views of the author in any way. IBL and the author shall not be responsible for any direct/indirect loss or liability incurred by the reader for making any financial decisions based on the contents and information.