How Does the Revised Section 87A in Finance Act 2023 Impact Your Taxes?

How Does the Revised Section 87A in Finance Act 2023 Impact Your Taxes?

21 February 2024 | By INDIE

Have you ever thought about how a simple change in the law can mean more money in your pocket? In 2023, the Indian government did just that with the Finance Act 2023, especially focusing on Section 87A.

The Finance Act 2023 has introduced some significant amendments to Section 87A that are worth paying attention to. You don't have to pay taxes on your hard-earned money up to a certain limit. This change is a significant shift that could affect millions of taxpayers across India.

Overview of Section 87A Amendments

The recent revisions to Section 87A, set to take effect on April 1, 2024, represent a significant shift in India's tax landscape for individual taxpayers.

Previously, individuals with annual earnings up to ₹5 lakh were eligible for a full tax rebate, resulting in no tax liability. However, with the amendments introduced in the Finance Act 2023, applicable for the financial years 2023-24 and 2024-25, this threshold has been elevated to ₹7 lakh.

Consequently, a broader demographic now falls within the ambit of this tax benefit, extending the advantage to more people.

Eligibility Criteria for Rebate

If you earn up to ₹7 lakh a year, the Finance Act 2023 lets you enjoy a tax rebate of up to ₹25,000. This change starts in the financial year 2023-2024 for the assessment year 2024-2025. It's designed for individuals living in India, aiming to lighten their tax load. This update means you could pay less or no income tax, depending on your earnings.

It's crucial to remember, though, that this rebate applies exclusively to individual taxpayers who are residents of India. Non-resident individuals, partnerships, and Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs) are not eligible for this rebate.

Implications for Taxpayers

Here's an in-depth look at the implications for taxpayers:

●     Rebate Amount Adjustments

With the updated Section 87A, if you earn ₹7 lakh or less annually and your tax calculation does not exceed ₹25,000, you're entitled to a full rebate, bringing your tax owed down to zero.

However, if your calculated tax is over ₹25,000, your rebate is capped at ₹25,000, offering significant relief and simplifying tax obligations for many.

●     Applicability for the Financial Year 2023-2024 Onwards

The new amendments apply from the financial year 2023-2024. This means the tax calculations for the assessment year 2024-2025 and onwards will incorporate these changes.

●     Benefits Extend to Higher Income Brackets

You can still benefit from the amendment if your income is slightly above ₹7 lakh. The law now offers a partial rebate based on the calculated tax over the income threshold, which may reduce your tax liability compared to the previous rules[1] [2] .

An example to illustrate the benefit: If an individual earns ₹7.5 lakh annually, under the new rules, they would only be taxed on the ₹50,000 exceeding the ₹7 lakh threshold.

Depending on the specific tax slabs and rates applicable beyond ₹7 lakh, the tax calculated on this amount could be significantly lower than what would have been due under the previous tax regime after accounting for any available rebates.

●     Enhanced Support for Middle-income Earners

With the latest changes in Section 87A due to the Finance Act 2023, if your annual income is up to ₹7 lakh, you can significantly reduce or completely avoid paying income tax.

This adjustment offers you greater financial freedom and the ability to save or invest more earnings.

Financial Planning and Tax Strategies

The amendment opens up new avenues for strategic financial planning and tax savings. Here are some strategies to consider:

Invest in Tax-saving Instruments:

Use the extra money you now have (thanks to the tax rebate) to invest in options like Equity-Linked Savings Schemes (ELSS), Public Provident Fund (PPF), National Savings Certificate (NSC), and more.

You can deduct up to ₹1.5 lakh from your taxable income by investing in certain instruments, as allowed under Section 80C. This helps you save on taxes.

Please note, however, that there are lock-in periods for these investments. It is 3 years for ELSS and 15 years for PPF (with partial withdrawal options available from the 7th year).

PPF interest is tax-free, and ELSS returns are subject to Long Term Capital Gains (LTCG) tax if gains exceed ₹1 lakh in a financial year.

Increase 80C Deductions

Beyond ELSS and PPF, consider life insurance premiums. Tuition fees for children and principal repayment on home loans also qualify for the ₹1.5 lakh limit under Section 80C.

Remember that the total deduction under Section 80C is capped at ₹1.5 lakh across all investments and expenses.

Health Insurance Premiums

Purchase or renew health insurance for you and your family to enjoy exemptions up to ₹25,000 for premiums paid for yourself, your spouse, and dependent children.

If your parents are 60 or older, you can claim an additional exemption of ₹50,000 under Section 80D.

Please note that the insurance must be in the name of the individuals mentioned, and payments should be made from taxable income.

Education Loans

You can claim deductions for the interest paid on loans taken for higher education. There's no upper limit for the deduction on the interest paid under Section 80E.

The loan must be for higher education for yourself, your spouse, your children, or a student for whom you're a legal guardian.

Home Loan Benefits

Deductions can be claimed on both the interest and principal amounts of the home loan, with exemptions up to ₹2 lakh for interest under Section 24 and principal repayment under the ₹1.5 lakh limit of Section 80C.

However, to claim the deduction on the principal, the house should not be sold within 5 years of possession.

Retirement Planning

Investing in pension plans offered by mutual funds or insurance companies allows for exemptions for retirement planning. Contributions to the National Pension System (NPS) are deductible up to ₹1.5 lakh under Section 80CCD(1) and an additional ₹50,000 under Section 80CCD(1B).

Upon retirement, withdrawals from NPS are partially tax-free. 40% of the total corpus is tax-free, 40% must be compulsorily used for annuity purchases (taxed as income), and the remaining 20% is taxable if withdrawn as a lump sum.

Here are the latest tax slabs for FY2023-24 and AY2024-25:


Tax Slabs

Rate (%)

Up to ₹2.5 lakh


₹2.5 lakh — ₹5 lakh


₹5 lakh — ₹10 lakh


Above ₹10 lakh



Tax Slabs

Rate (%)

Up to ₹3 lakh


₹3 lakh — ₹6 lakh


₹6 lakh — ₹9 lakh


₹9 lakh — ₹12 lakh


₹12 lakh — ₹15 lakh


Above ₹15 lakh



Final Thoughts

The amendments to Section 87A in the Finance Act 2023, mark a significant turning point in India's tax landscape, potentially altering the financial blueprint for millions of taxpayers.

By elevating the rebate limit from ₹5 lakh to ₹7 lakh, the government has not only extended an olive branch to the middle class. It has also taken a strategic step towards enhancing disposable incomes and stimulating economic growth.

As we move forward, it will be interesting to see the ripple effects of this policy change on consumer behaviour, savings rates, and the overall economy.

To read more such blogs on trending topics and industry news, keep reading the INDIE blog.

Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is generic and for informational purposes only. It is not a substitute for specific advice in your circumstances. Hence, you are advised to consult your financial advisor before making any financial decision. IndusInd Bank Limited (IBL) does not influence the views of the author in any way. IBL and the author shall not be responsible for any direct/indirect loss or liability incurred by the reader for making any financial decisions based on the contents and information.