Tax Implications on Fixed Deposit Interest: A Comprehensive Guide

Tax Implications on Fixed Deposit Interest: A Comprehensive Guide

22 December 2023

In the realm of personal finance, understanding the tax implications of various investment avenues is paramount. Among these, Fixed Deposits (FDs) play a significant role, offering stability and assured returns. This article aims to delve into the intricate details of the Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) on FD interest, shedding light on its nuances and providing a comprehensive guide for investors.

Overview of Fixed Deposits:
A Fixed Deposit serves as a reliable instrument for individuals to invest their savings and surplus income. The allure lies in the fixed rate of interest that remains constant throughout the chosen tenure, making it a low-risk option, particularly suited for long-term investments. At maturity, investors receive the principal amount along with the interest earned. However, it is crucial to note that the interest earned through FDs is subject to taxation.

Understanding TDS on FD:
Tax Deducted at Source, commonly known as TDS, is a mechanism employed by the Income Tax Department to collect taxes directly from the income source of an individual. This includes the interest earned on fixed deposits. The centralization of this process streamlines tax collection and ensures compliance with tax regulations.

Tax Implications on Different FDs:
The tax implications on FD interest vary based on the type of FD and the age group of the investor.

  1. TDS on Bank FDs:
    1. For individuals below 60, interest income exceeding ₹40,000 is subject to a 10% TDS deduction.
    2. Senior citizens, enjoying additional benefits, have a higher threshold of ₹50,000 before TDS is applicable.
  2. TDS on non-bank (NBFC) FDs:
    1. In the case of NBFC FDs, the threshold for tax on interest is ₹5,000, with a 10% TDS rate.
    2. Failure to furnish PAN details leads to a doubled TDS rate of 20% on the interest earned.
    3. Indian residents and Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) face different TDS rates, with 10% and 30%, respectively.

Calculation of TDS on FD:
Investors need to understand the calculation of TDS on FD interest. The total interest income in a financial year, if not subject to TDS deduction by the bank, must be included in the individual's overall income. Form 26AS provides detailed information on TDS deductions, which are subsequently adjusted against the final tax obligation.

TDS on FD Interest for Different Age Groups:
Understanding the specific implications for different age groups is crucial.

  1. Senior Citizens:
    1. Senior citizens are eligible for a deduction of up to ₹50,000 per year.
    2. This provision is applicable if they receive interest income from fixed deposits, savings accounts, and recurring deposits.
  2. Non-senior Citizens:
    1. For non-senior citizens in India, the TDS rate on FD interest is 10%, provided the interest income exceeds ₹40,000 in a financial year.
    2. Those falling below the basic exemption limit can submit Form 15G or Form 15H to the bank, requesting no TDS deduction on the interest income.

Tax Liability for Lower Income:
An important consideration is that FD interest is taxable even if an individual's income is below the tax limit. However, if the total income, including interest from FDs, is below the basic exemption limit, the investor may be eligible for a refund of the TDS deducted by the bank.

Form 15G & 15H:
These documents, Form 15G and 15H, play a vital role in the TDS process.

Form 15G & 15H Purpose:

In conclusion, navigating the tax implications of FD interest is crucial for investors seeking to manage their finances wisely. It is advisable to stay informed about the prevailing tax laws and, when in doubt, consult with tax experts to comprehend tax liabilities effectively. Armed with this knowledge, investors can embark on their investment journey with a comprehensive understanding of how TDS on FD interest impacts their financial landscape.

Disclaimer: Views are personal opinions of the author.
The information provided in this article is generic in nature and for informational purposes only. It is not a substitute for specific advice in your own circumstances. Hence, you are advised to consult your financial advisor before making any financial decision. IndusInd Bank Limited (IBL) does not influence the views of the author in any way. IBL and the author shall not be responsible for any direct/indirect loss or liability incurred by the reader for taking any financial decisions based on the contents and information.