Types of Investments and How You Can Get Started

Types of Investments and How You Can Get Started

29 January 2024 | By INDIE

Investing provides several opportunities for those seeking to increase their wealth. Note that, understanding what an investment is, is essential for everyone looking to begin with their financial investment journey. Investing is allocating funds with the primary goal of generating profit.

Discussed here are distinct types of investment in India and how you can get started –


Investing in stocks is a prudent strategy for the ones eyeing long-term investment growth. By buying shares, you tend to become a part owner of a publicly listed company and avail the potential to gain profit from its profits. This is one of the smart types of financial investment with a higher risk-reward ratio.

Mutual fund investments

Mutual funds are a popular way to diversify your investment portfolios. These investment funds accumulate money from various participants and invest the same in a variety of asset classes. You may select from a variety of mutual funds such as equity, debt, and hybrid funds, depending on your financial goals, investment horizon and risk tolerance level.

Exchange-traded funds (ETFs)

ETFs combine the features of equities, monitoring an underlying index and trading on exchanges in the same way as stocks. This permits you to gain from real-time price movements.


Bonds, such as treasury bills, municipal bonds, and corporate bonds, have set interest rates and are thus a more reliable investment alternative. Furthermore, they are an essential component of a diversified investment portfolio, providing a balance by reducing thorough risk, particularly during market volatility.

Fixed deposits

Bank fixed deposits are a safe financial investment choice that risk-averse investors tend to choose. They provide a fixed interest rate for a certain length of time, regardless of market movements.

Cash and cash equivalents

Time deposits and liquid funds are examples of extremely liquid assets. While they provide lower returns, they are critical in your investing portfolio due to benefits such as capital protection and risk reduction.

Retirement planning

Investment options such as the National Pension System, Senior Citizens Savings Scheme and Public Provident Fund are vital for retirement planning, especially for the ones nearing retirement age as they endow safer investment opportunities.

Investing in real estate

Opting for real estate investment, whether commercial or residential, may result in considerable rewards. While such assets are illiquid and require careful timing, they even come with the potential for capital growth and rental income, making them an excellent financial instrument if you are a long-term retail investor.


Endowment policy, life insurance and term policy, for instance, cater to distinct financial requirements and are vital constituents of a holistic financial approach owing to their twin advantages of tax savings and financial stability.

Provident funds

Government-linked retirement plans such as the Public Provident Fund and Employee Provident Fund are vital in preparing an adequate retirement corpus. In addition to offering a secure investment choice, such funds benefit from compound interest benefits, greatly enhancing your retirement savings.

For you as a retail investor, it is essential to evaluate the risk-reward ratio, fees, asset allocation, past performance of financial instruments and other factors when choosing a financial product. You might start investing, especially in stocks by approaching an online stock broker. Through them, you can invest in mutual funds, purchase and sell stocks, and consider other asset instruments. However, before selecting the broker, consider brokerage costs, the user interface of their trading platform and other resources they provide for awareness amongst investors.

Investments, whether in fixed-income instruments such as fixed deposits and bonds or growth-linked such as mutual funds and stocks, cater to a distinct range of financial goals and risk tolerances. As a retail investor, it is vital to conduct in-depth research, establish your goals and choose investment options that match those goals. Note that investing is an imperative journey and beginning with the right set of knowledge and investment instruments is vital for attaining your goals.

Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is generic and for informational purposes only. It is not a substitute for specific advice in your circumstances. Hence, you are advised to consult your financial advisor before making any financial decision. IndusInd Bank Limited (IBL) does not influence the views of the author in any way. IBL and the author shall not be responsible for any direct/indirect loss or liability incurred by the reader for making any financial decisions based on the contents and information.